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Implementation Research in French (La Recherche de Mise en Oeuvre)


TDR
Enrollment in this course is by invitation only

A propos de ce cours

Soyez les bienvenu(e)s dans cette formation en ligne ouverte à tous (MOOC/FLOT) sur la recherche de mise en œuvre développée par le TDR, le programme spécial de recherche et de formation sur les maladies tropicales, hébergé par l’Organisation mondiale de la santé. Beaucoup de ressources sont investies dans la recherche pour la mise au point d’outils et d’interventions permettant de faire face à des problèmes majeurs de santé publique, en particulier les maladies liées à la pauvreté. Il existe également des mécanismes de financement pour relever les grands défis de notre époque, par le développement de vaccins et de médicaments et autres innovations qui s'attaquent aux causes des maladies et aux problèmes de santé.

Mais un défi permanent, pour lequel nos connaissances actuelles restent insuffisantes, est celui de savoir comment faire en sorte que ces solutions innovantes, ces outils, ces interventions, etc. parviennent aux personnes qui en ont besoin et soient utilisés de manière à produire les résultats escomptés. En l'absence de stratégies de mise en œuvre efficaces, l'utilité de solutions par ailleurs efficaces, est sérieusement réduite. Et pourtant, l'importance de la recherche sur la mise en œuvre d’interventions innovantes est souvent sous-estimée et n'est pas considérée comme une partie essentielle de la filière de la recherche.

Ce MOOC fournit une opportunité idéale pour vous lancer dans la recherche de mise en œuvre en espérant qu’à la fin du cours, vous serez en mesure de : concevoir vos propres projets de recherche de mise en œuvre, d’évaluer de manière critique la stratégie que vous aurez conçue, d’utiliser les résultats probants produits par d’autres projets de recherche de mise en œuvre et de gérer des projets de recherche de mise en œuvre conçus de manière robuste, tout cela dans le but ultime d'améliorer les bases concrètes sur lesquelles fonder des mesures efficaces visant à améliorer la santé des populations que nous servons.

Ce que vous allez apprendre

  • les concepts de base de la recherche de mise en œuvre,
  • comment identifier les défis dans différents contextes,
  • comment évaluer la pertinence des stratégies de mise en œuvre existantes,
  • comment développer des stratégies de mise en œuvre innovantes et plus efficaces en travaillant avec les communautés et les multiples parties prenantes,
  • comment formuler votre question de recherche sur la mise en œuvre, opérationnaliser vos variables et concevoir des projets de recherche rigoureux,

Conditions

Une connaissance générale des problèmes de santé publique dans votre pays pourrait être avantageux.

Enseignants

Pascale Allotey

Professor Pascale Allotey is the Director of the United Nations University International Institute for Global Health (UNU-IIGH) (https://unu.edu/experts/pascale-allotey.html). She has two decades of experience as a researcher in global health including multidisciplinary background, and experience working across four continents to promote health and well-being. Prior to joining UNU, Prof. Allotey served as Professor of Public Health and Deputy Head of School (Research and Development) at the Jeffrey Cheah School of Medicine and Health Sciences, Monash University (Malaysia). She also was head of the Global Public Health unit and founding Associate Director of the South East Asia Community Observatory (SEACO, Malaysia). Her previous experience includes Professor of Race, Diversity and Professional Practice, Brunel University (United Kingdom); Lecturer and Senior Research Fellow at the Key Centre for Women’s Health, WHO Collaborating Centre for Women’s Health, University of Melbourne (Australia); and Lecturer in the Tropical Health Program, Australian Centre for International and Tropical Disease and Nutrition, University of Queensland (Australia). She holds a PhD in Public Health and a MMedSci degree in Community Health from the University of Western Australia.

Uche Amazigo

Uche Amazigo is a professor and a retired Director of the African Programme for Onchocerciasis Control (2005-2011). She holds a PhD from Vienna University (Austria) and was a Takemi Fellow at the Harvard School of Public Health (USA). Professor Amazigo is a public health specialist and she has devoted most of her academic, public and international career to the control of neglected tropical diseases and community-led health and development programmes. Her pioneering discovery of the suffering, social isolation and disability caused by river blindness skin disease in Nigeria contributed to the creation of the World Health Organization African Programme for Onchocerciasis Control (WHO/APOC) in 1995. She is also the Founder and CEO of Pan-African Community Initiative on Education and Health (PACIEH), an NGO coordinating community-managed school health and feeding programme to improve primary education in resource poor settings. She has over 60 publications in international peer-reviewed journals.

Jorge Arroz

Jorge Arroz is a malaria specialist and medical doctor with 11 years of medical and public health experience in Mozambique at the central and provincial levels, including over three years of malaria programme management. He has published on epidemiological research on malaria, HIV/AIDS and neglected tropical diseases, and completed the continuing education training course “Malaria Prevention and Control for Africa” in 2011. He is currently a PhD Candidate in International Health at the Institute of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, Universidade Nova de Lisboa, Lisbon, Portugal. He obtained an MPH from the Institute of Science and Technology of Mozambique (ISCTEM), Maputo, Mozambique, in 2013. He is currently the Malaria Project Senior Technical Manager for the Global Fund Malaria Control Programme and World Vision, Mozambique, Maputo, Mozambique. He oversees the implementation of malaria control activities in Gaza, Zambézia and Tete Provinces where he is managing LLIN (long lasting insecticidal net) distribution campaigns.

William Brieger

William “Bill” Brieger is a Certified Health Education Specialist and has a Doctorate in Public Health (DrPH) in International Health from the Johns Hopkins University (JHU) and a Masters in Public Health (MPH) in Health Behavior and Health Education from the University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill. He is a Professor in both the Health Systems and the Social and Behavioral Interventions Programs of the Department of International Health at the Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health and also serves as Jhpiego’s Senior Malaria Specialist. Bill taught at the African Regional Health Education Center at the University of Ibadan, Nigeria, from 1976 to 2002. He is internationally renowned for his expertise in the social and behavioral aspects of disease control and prevention, with special emphasis on formative research and behavior change programme design and evaluation. A particular focus has been on training peer educators, community volunteers and other community resource persons to take an active role in health education and health service delivery. Professor Brieger has published more than 160 scientific articles focusing on the social and cultural aspects of disease control, training of community health workers, health systems strengthening and community participation strategies.

Vivian Go

Dr Vivian Go is an associate professor in the Department of Health Education at the University of North Carolina (UNC) Gillings School of Global Public Health. As a social epidemiologist, her research focuses on the design, implementation and evaluation of HIV interventions among marginalized populations in Asia. Vivian has worked for more than 15 years in Vietnam, where she has conducted a series of randomized controlled trials to assess the effectiveness of multi-level interventions to prevent HIV for people who inject drugs and to engage those who are HIV positive into the continuum of care. Her most recent interest is in the scale-up of evidence-based interventions into routine practice. Her team has established a permanent UNC office in Hanoi and two project offices in Thai Nguyen (40 miles north of Hanoi) staffed with nine full-time Vietnamese nationals who have been trained to conduct large research trials. UNC currently has active memorandums of understanding with the Hanoi School of Public Health and the Hanoi Medical School. Vietnam is a site for HPTN 074, “Integrated treatment and prevention for people who inject drugs: a vanguard study for a network-based randomized HIV prevention trial comparing an integrated intervention including supported antiretroviral therapy to the standard of care.” Dr. Go has involved many students and trainees in the studies in Vietnam, both to assist with ongoing studies and to conduct their own independent research.

Maria do Rosário Oliveira Martins

Maria do Rosário Oliveira Martins is Full Professor of Statistics and Deputy Director at the Institute of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, NOVA University of Lisbon, Portugal. She is the coordinator of the eLearning Master degree Programme in Statistics for Health. She has also been a member of the NOVA General Council since 2009 and member of the board of the PhD Program in Global Public Health. She is a member of the National Ethical Committee for Clinical Research (CEIC), member of the Scientific Advisory Committee of the European and Developing Countries Clinical Trials Partnership (EDCTP) and WHO consultant for Health Information Systems (Health Observatory of the African Region). She coordinates the Lusophone Network for health professionals’ research financed by TDR. Maria do Rosário Oliveira Martins has been Pro-Rector of NOVA University of Lisbon, having implemented the NOVA eLearning Centre. She was Deputy Director of the Institute of Statistics and Management Information between 2000 and 2010, when she was also President of the Pedagogical Board. She is the author of four books and has published more than 50 papers in national and international scientific peer-reviewed journals.

Paul Milligan

Paul Milligan is an epidemiologist and biostatistician. He is Professor of Epidemiology and Medical Statistics in the Faculty of Epidemiology and Population Health at the London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine. He teaches courses on epidemiology, biostatistics, and the design and analysis of intervention studies. His main research is on strategies to prevent malaria and to reduce malaria transmission in West Africa. He has been a member of the WHO Malaria Vaccine Advisory Committee and the technical group that advised WHO on the public health role of the RTSS malaria vaccine, and he currently coordinates evaluation of the scale-up of seasonal malaria chemoprevention in West and Central Africa.

Dr Corinne Merle

Dr Corinne Merle is a scientist in the Intervention and Implementation research unit at the Special Programme for research and training in tropical diseases (TDR), World Health Organization (WHO), Geneva (CH). Dr Merle is a medical doctor from the Faculty of Medicine of Reims University (France) with a specialization in infectious diseases and in public health. She also holds a Master of Epidemiology and Statistics (Nancy, France) and a Master of Economics and Health Policy (Paris Sorbonne, France). She has been working in the field of infectious disease research for almost 20 years. She has been involved in various types of research conducted in different LMIC settings. She spent 10 years at the London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine where her main research areas were mainly on Tuberculosis, HIV and Malaria. Since October 2014, she has joined the Special Programme for Research and Training in Tropical Diseases (TDR) of the WHO were she has been focusing her research activities on implementation research related to interventions against infectious diseases of poverty.

Neal Alexander

Dr Neal Alexander is based in Cali, Colombia, and works there at CIDEIM (Centro Internacional de Entrenamiento e Investigaciones Médicas), as well as being affiliated with the London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine. He previously lived and worked in London (UK), Kaduna (Nigeria) and Goroka (Papua New Guinea). His first degree is in mathematics and his PhD on the epidemiology of lymphatic filariasis. His current work is focused on the development of interventions against vector-borne and parasitic diseases, in particular insecticide-treated materials against arbovirus vectors, and new drugs and drug combinations against leishmaniasis.

Oladele Akogun

Oladele Akogun is a professor of public health parasitology at the Modibbo Adama (formerly Federal) University of Technology, Yola, Nigeria. He contributed to the pioneering work on the epidemiology of onchocerciasis in Northeastern Nigeria in 1988 and has since been a major player in subsequent intervention research, system and individual capacity enhancement to address the onchocerciasis problem using community participatory approaches. He was a consultant to WHO/TDR and to the African Programme for Onchocerciasis Control (APOC) leading several monitoring and evaluation teams in Africa. His main research interest focuses on increasing access of marginalized communities to health interventions, for which he is a recipient of several research grants including the Bill and Melinda Gates Grand Challenges Exploration (GCE 2). He is a strong advocate of community participatory research and collaborative initiatives for addressing health problems. Professor Akogun has published more than 30 scientific articles in international peer-reviewed journals.

Olakunle ALONGE

Dr. Olakunle Alonge is an Assistant Professor in the Health Systems Program, at the Department of International Health, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health in Baltimore, MD, USA. He received his MBBS degree from the University of Ibadan in Nigeria and completed his MPH degree in Biostatistics/Epidemiology and PhD in Health Systems at the Johns Hopkins University in Baltimore, MD, USA. He has broad interests in design and evaluation of health systems strengthening strategies, child injuries and implementation research. His area of expertise is in implementation science method, systems science and approaches for causal inference in complex health systems evaluation. His current research is focused on defining outcomes of implementation research and use of system methods to improve design and evaluation of health systems in low- and middle-income countries.

Hans Remme

Dr Hans Remme is an epidemiologist and biomathematician who has worked for over 35 years on research and control of tropical diseases, first in Africa at the University of Dar es Salaam in Tanzania and at the WHO’s Onchocerciasis Control Programme in West Africa and then with the WHO Special Programme for Research and Training in Tropical Diseases (TDR). His special interest is to use research to improve disease control. In TDR he was among other areas, coordinator of implementation research and manager of a research programme that produced the implementation research tools and strategies for the African Programme for Onchocerciasis Control (APOC). Following his retirement from WHO, he has continued to work as a consultant on implementation research and onchocerciasis elimination.

Devi Mohan (forum moderator)

Dr Devi Mohan is a Senior Lecturer in Global Public Health in Monash University Malaysia. She obtained her MD in Community Medicine from Kerala University of Health Sciences and MBBS from University of Kerala, India. She has worked extensively in the planning, development and implementation of various community based and health system projects. Her current research area is geriatric neuroepidemiology with focus on dementia and cognitive impairment. She is also actively involved as a research methodology trainer across medical and allied specialties, and also supervises higher degree graduate students in public health.

Daniel Reidpath (forum moderator)

Professor Daniel Reidpath has been a Public Health academic since 1997, although his disciplinary background was originally in Computer Science and Psychology. He is currently Professor of Population Health and Head of Public Health at Jeffrey Cheah School of Medicine and Health Sciences, Monash University Malaysia. He is also the Director of the South East Asia Community Observatory (SEACO), a Monash University Research Infrastructure Platform in Segamat, Johor, which tracks the health and wellbeing of 40,000 people. Prof Reidpath has published widely including peer reviewed articles, book chapters, a journal special issue, commissioned reviews, and editorials. He has also published across a wide range of areas including medical sociology, public health, epidemiology, and biostatistics. He supervised to graduation several PhD and numerous Masters students. He has held research funds from the Ford Foundation, the Global Forum for Health Research, TDR/WHO, VicHealth, the Royal Society of Public Health, and the Wellcome Trust, most recently as co-Investigator of a grant to look at strategies to improve health outcomes in urban informal settlemnts. He has also acted as a research consultant for WHO, UNICEF, and Family Health International. He is an honorary fellow of the Royal Society for Public Heath (HFRSPH).

Bella Ross (forum moderator)

Dr Bella Ross is a lecturer with the Student Academic Support Unit at Monash University, Australia. Her current research interests include the use of educational technology in higher education, MOOCs, and education for health professional students. Bella’s teaching career has spanned over ten years and has included a range of language and academic subjects. She has extensive experience developing research projects and has reported on her findings at Australian and international conferences and in peer-reviewed journals.

Foire aux Questions (FAQ)

Comment puis-je participer au MOOC du TDR sur la recherche de mise en œuvre ?

La participation au MOOC TDR sur la recherche de mise en œuvre est uniquement sur invitation. Des sessions du MOOC auront lieu dans toutes les régions de l’OMS. Si vous souhaitez assister à l'une des sessions, vous pouvez contacter le centre de formation régional TDR de votre région ou nous envoyer une demande à l'adresse tdr.ir.mooc@gmail.com.

Le MOOC du TDR sur la recherche de mise en œuvre délivre-t-il un certificat ou est-ce que je reçois des crédits universitaires ?

Si vous terminez les 5 modules et atteignez 70% de la note finale, vous recevrez un certificat de participation signé par des représentants de l'OMS / TDR et de l'établissement d'enseignement avec lequel le TDR a organisé la session spécifique du MOOC dans votre région ou pays. Ce MOOC ne délivre pas de crédits universitaires.

Pourquoi devrais-je suivre le MOOC du TDR sur la recherche de mise en œuvre ?

Si vous êtes intéressé(e) par la recherche de mise en œuvre, ce MOOC est un bon début. Si vous envisagez de soumettre une proposition de recherche de mise en œuvre pour financement par l'OMS / TDR, il vous sera demandé de fournir le certificat de participation à ce MOOC.

Le MOOC du TDR sur la recherche de mise en œuvre est-il gratuit ?

Le MOOC est entièrement gratuit et il n’y a aucun frais pour obtenir le certificat de participation. Vous pouvez vous inscrire gratuitement ou quitter le MOOC à tout moment sans être pénalisé.

Quelle est la durée du MOOC du TDR sur la recherche de mise en œuvre ?

Le MOOC TDR sur la recherche de mise en œuvre dure environ 5 semaines. À compter de la date de début du cours, le contenu est généralement communiqué aux participants sous forme de «tranches» hebdomadaires. Une fois le contenu de la semaine publié, les participants peuvent participer dès qu'ils en ont le temps de le faire. Le contenu reste en ligne jusqu’à la fin du cours.

Le MOOC du TDR sur la recherche en mise en œuvre est-il enseigné en direct ? Dois-je me connecter à une heure précise ou puis-je participer lorsque cela me convient ?

Le MOOC du TDR sur la recherche de mise en œuvre n'est pas diffusé en direct. Les participants n'ont pas besoin de se connecter à des heures spécifiques de la journée pour visionner les vidéos. Ceci signifie que vous pouvez utiliser le MOOC de la manière qui vous convient. Cependant, nous vous recommandons de suivre plus ou moins le calendrier proposé.

Si je manque une semaine ou si je dois partir en vacances pendant une semaine, puis-je quand même regarder les vidéos et participer ?

Certainement. Les MOOC ne ressemblent pas aux cours académiques traditionnels. Ainsi, bien que le contenu soit publié toutes les semaines et que certains cours comportent des devoirs ou des activités, les participants sont invités à participer à leur rythme, d’une manière qui convient à leur emploi du temps. Une fois le contenu mis à la disposition des participants, il reste actif pendant la durée du cours. Vous pouvez donc toujours «rattraper» si vous manquez une journée ou une semaine. De nombreux participants suivent le cours en tant qu '«auditeurs», c’est-à-dire qu’ils regardent les vidéos et lisent le contenu, mais ne tiennent pas participer aux travaux ou aux forums de discussion. Nous comprenons et reconnaissons le fait que chacun s’engage sur le MOOC d’une manière adaptée à sa situation.

Combien de temps le MOOC du TDR sur la recherche de mise en œuvre reste-t-il ouvert ?

Le MOOC du TDR sur la recherche de mise en œuvre est ouvert pendant environ huit semaines. Le cours commence à la date de début officielle indiquée sur la page du cours. Il est préférable de participer pendant que le MOOC est en cours, car vous obtiendrez plus d'engagement et d'interaction avec les formateurs et les autres participants.

Dois-je compléter le matériel pédagogique de chaque semaine avant le début de la semaine suivante ?

Pas toujours et cela dépend de ce qui est adapté pour les participants. Cependant, nous vous recommandons de compléter le matériel pédagogique de chaque semaine avant de passer au module suivant.

Y a-t-il des tests, où et comment puis-je les passer ? Comment puis-je connaître le calendrier du cours et quelle sera la charge de travail liée au MOOC ?

Oui, le MOOC du TDR sur la recherche de mise en œuvre comprend 4 quizz de contrôle et un examen final qui sont notés. Chaque devoir ne devrait pas vous prendre plus de deux heures à terminer. L'examen final peut vous prendre plus de temps car vous devrez soumettre une courte proposition de recherche de mise en œuvre. C'est pourquoi vous pouvez faire des recherches sur votre proposition durant une semaine supplémentaire après la fin du cours. Vous trouverez les quizz de contrôle ou l'examen final à la fin de chaque module.

Comment mon travail sera-t-il évalué ?

Votre travail sera évalué à l'aide de tests à choix multiples et d'une évaluation par les pairs pour l'examen final

Qu'est-ce que l'évaluation par les pairs et comment ça marche ?

L'évaluation par les pairs implique que les étudiants assument la responsabilité d'évaluer le travail des autres participants (pairs) par rapport à des critères d'évaluation définis. Après la date limite de soumission de l'examen final, il vous sera demandé de noter les travaux soumis par trois de vos pairs (obligatoire) et ceci avant de pouvoir recevoir une note pour votre propre travail. La note finale sera la moyenne des trois notes que le travail a reçues. La date limite de notation du travail de vos pairs doit être respectée si vous souhaitez obtenir votre propre note.

Puis-je télécharger le contenu du MOOC afin de ne pas avoir à aller en ligne ?

Pour voir les vidéos MOOC et participer aux forums de discussion, vous devez être connecté et avoir un accès Internet.

Le nombre d’heures indiqué pour le cours correspond-il au nombre total d’heures que je vais consacrer au MOOC ou s’agit-il d’une durée supplémentaire d’étude en plus du visionnage du matériel vidéo ?

La plupart des MOOCs sont créés avec l'idée que le participant intéressé au MOOC consacrera entre 3 et 5 heures par semaine au MOOC. Ceci dit, chaque MOOC est différent et chacun peut s’impliquer dans l'expérience MOOC selon ses désirs et peut décider combien de temps consacré à lire, regarder, discuter et s’engager. Le meilleur moyen de savoir combien de temps chaque MOOC va prendre, est de s’inscrire au MOOC !

© WHO 2018
This e-learning training was developed by TDR in collaboration with WHO. The training is intended as a self-learning course on Implementation Research.

All reasonable precautions have been taken by WHO to verify the information contained in this e-learning. However, the e-learning is being distributed without warranty of any kind, either expressed or implied. The responsibility for the interpretation and use of the material lies with the reader. In no event shall WHO be liable for damages arising from its use.

The authors alone are responsible for the views expressed in this training package and they do not necessarily represent the decisions, policy or views of the World Health Organization.

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    IR106fr
  2. Classes Start

  3. Classes End

  4. Estimated Effort

    03:00